Apple Hill Gynecology

Abnormal Pap / HPV

solutions for abnormal pap test in york

It’s not unusual to have an abnormal Pap test result. An abnormal test result does not automatically mean that you have cervical cancer. It simply means that the results of your Pap test revealed abnormal or unusual cells on your cervix. Often, these abnormal test results reveal cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus, better known as HPV, or by a vaginal or cervical infection. You should also know that having regular Pap tests and treatment, if needed, can prevent most types of cervical cancer.


For some patients, an abnormal Pap smear may require a colposcopy. Colposcopy is an in-office diagnostic procedure that we perform to carefully examine the vagina and cervix using a special microscope to identify any abnormal cells. Dr. Bornt, a gynecologist in York PA, may take a small biopsy and the results of her biopsy may lead to further testing. Our gynecologist has performed hundreds of colposcopy procedures to identify the cause of an abnormal PAP results.

More about HPV

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. More than 79 million Americans, most in their late teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV. There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems such as genital warts and cancers. Vaccines can prevent these  problems.

You can get HPV by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has the virus even if they have no symptoms. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex. Being sexually active exposes you to HPV, even if you only have sex with one person. You should know that symptoms may not develop for years after you have sex with an infected partner, which makes it difficult to know when you became infected.

In most cases, HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. When HPV does not go away, it can cause health problems like genital warts and cancer. Genital warts usually appear as small bumps in the genital area. These bumps can be small, large, raised or flat. Some are shaped like  cauliflower. Certified, Registered Nurse Practioner, Donna can diagnose warts by examining your genital area.

Does HPV cause cancer?

HPV can cause cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus. It can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils. Cancer often takes years or decades to develop after you get HPV.

You should also know that most HPV infections, even high-risk types, go away on their own without causing further health problems. However, if a high-risk HPV infection of cervical cells goes untreated for many years, the cells can become worse over time and lead to cervical cancer. That’s why it’s best to have regular Pap tests with Nurse Practitioner Donna.

Discover comprehensive care from a gynecologist in York PA at Apple Hill Gynecology.
Call (717) 741-0857 or use our Request an Appointment form.
We welcome patients from Hanover, Lancaster, Harrisburg, Red Lion, York and nearby locations.

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